The Town of Uxbridge is situated in a beautiful valley on the northern slope of the Oak Ridges Moraine, about 64 km northeast of Toronto, Ontario. To learn more about the history of the Township of Uxbridge, visit the Uxbridge Historical Centre.

Early settlement and development

The first settlers in the area were Quakers who started arriving in 1806 along with other British Loyalists following the American revolutionary wars. Most settlers to the Township of Uxbridge came from the Catawissa area of Pennsylvania.

The Uxbridge Friends Meeting House which overlooks the town from Quaker Hill was built in 1820, and is the community's oldest building. The Toronto and Nipissing Railroad arrived in Uxbridge in 1871, and for over a decade Uxbridge was the headquarters of the railway. Shortly after the arrival of the railway, Uxbridge became a village in 1872, and reached town status in 1885.

Timeline of important events

Sir John A. MacDonald held the first of his huge picnics when seeking re-election at the Uxbridge Fall Fair grounds in Elgin Park.

Uxbridge Public Library was erected in 1887 from funds provided by entrepreneur, politician, and businessman, Joseph Gould. The centennial in 1987 was celebrated with the opening of a large addition.

L.M. Montgomery, the author of Anne of Green Gables lived in the Township of Uxbridge area from 1911 to 1926, and wrote half of her books here.

The Thomas Foster Memorial Temple, erected in 1935-36 by the former mayor of Toronto, is situated a short distance north of town.

In 1954, Uxbridge became the second town in Canada to receive an official coat-of-arms which is displayed on the front of the Music Hall. The latter building has been restored, and is a centre for drama and musical performances.

In 1973, Uxbridge Town became a part of Uxbridge Township, along with Scott Township, in the new Region of Durham.

The Uxbridge Arena and Community Centre, was built in 1978, with a second ice pad added in 1997.

Business history

Some early businesses in the Township of Uxbridge include:

  • The Uxbridge Piano and Organ Company
  • Gold Media Radio and Phonograph Company
  • Glitsch Canada

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